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Preferred stock is a class of capital stock that carries certain features or rights not carried by common stock.Within the basic class of preferred stock, a company may have several specific classes of preferred stock, each with different dividend rates or other features.A cash dividend is money paid to stockholders, normally out of the corporation's current earnings or accumulated profits.All dividends must be declared by the board of directors, and they are taxable as income to the recipients.At issue is whether the company’s status as a corporation had been terminated by the administrative dissolution. Something else to consider is that under Section 336(a) of the tax code, a gain or loss is recognized by a liquidating corporation on the distribution of its property in complete liquidation, as if such property were sold to the distributee at its fair market value. 142 ) states that “…where a corporation ceases business operations, has retained no assets, has no income, and has actually liquidated, there is in effect a de facto dissolution, even though the corporation has not been formally dissolved…” In addition, it is entirely possible for the corporation to continue in existence even though it has been, as a matter of state law, dissolved.If it is considered terminated, the company would have been viewed as having completely liquidated, and both it and its shareholders would have experienced the tax consequences attendant to the situation. In other words, in most cases, the liquidation of a corporation commonly engenders two levels of taxation: tax will be imposed at both the corporate and distributee shareholder levels.* The De Facto Company Closure A complete liquidation is not always accompanied by a formal or legal company shutdown. Thus, unless dissolution brings about an automatic transfer of the corporation’s assets to its shareholders, the corporation, even though dissolved, continues its existence.
A dividend is the amount paid to preferred stockholders as a return for the use of their money.
In United Kingdom and United States law and business, liquidation is the process by which a company (or part of a company) is brought to an end, and the assets and property of the company are redistributed.
Liquidation is also sometimes referred to as winding-up or dissolution, although dissolution technically refers to the last stage of liquidation.
Each company establishes its own dividend policy and periodically assesses if a dividend cut or an increase is warranted. A company's board of directors announces a cash dividend on a declaration date, which entails paying a certain amount of money per common share.
After that, a record date is established, which is the date on which a firm determines its shareholders on record.
After the dividend is declared, it becomes property of the record-date shareholder and is considered separate from the stock.